HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
What is the meaning of HTML?
The meaning of HTML: HTML, an abbreviation of Hypertext Markup Language, is a client-side markup language mostly deployed for creating web pages. The language is the fundamental element of web pages.
HTML files are formed by elements that comprise tags encased in angle brackets within the content of the pages. HTML tags are typically grouped in pairs, and few examples are <html> and </html>, <body> and </body>, <div> and </div> and <h2> and </h2>. Every such tag must have a proper opening and matching closing one, to prevent any displaying and/or W3C validating issue from arising. For example, <div> is an opening div tag and </div> is the closing tag. Texts, images or any other web content can be inserted within a pair of tags.
Almost every modern web browser has the capability to read and interpret HTML documents. Whenever a serve returns an HTML web page to a browser, the browser assembles all the elements of the page into an interface comprehensible and meaningful to an ordinary web user. By default, HTML source codes are not displayed to the person viewing the page, but are used by browsers for interpreting web page content.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are mainly used for styling the layout and look of HTML files. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the recognized standards organization that maintains both CSS and HTML standards.